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The Metaphysical Jungle

Is Depression the Greatest of All Sins? Aquinas’ Anthropology of Despair

What we call depression today has at least something in common with what ancient Christian writers used to call acedia: nobody knows exactly what it is. This is, however, probably insufficient to identify depression with acedia.  In actual fact, there seems to be a massive difference between what medical science believes to be depression and […]

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The Metaphysical Jungle

William James: Instinct

The Principles of Psychology, William James (1890) CHAPTER XXIV. [1] INSTINCT   INSTINCT is usually defined as the faculty of acting in such a way as to produce certain ends, without foresight of the ends, and without previous education in the performance . That instincts, as thus defined, exist on an enormous scale in the […]

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The Metaphysical Jungle

Sigmund Freud: Sublimation

“In considering] the problem of why it is so hard for men to be happy, [we see that one source of unhappiness is] the inadequacy of the regulations which adjust the mutual relationships of human beings in the family, the state and society. . . . [When we think about this,] we come upon a […]

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The Metaphysical Jungle

The Six Basic Human Needs

(Taken from Tony Robbins talk on Why We Do What We Do, which was modified from an original TED talk give in 2006) Certainty (covers survival and needs) Uncertainty (this one seems almost counter-intuitive until you take some time to think about it) Significance (men in particular, being testosterone-driven, seek significance and will die for […]